Supply and Demand of Nurses in The Workforce Research Project Outline

Supply and Demand of Nurses in The Workforce Research Project Outline

Supply and Demand of Nurses in The Workforce Research Project Outline

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BUSI 511Page 1 of 2RESEARCH PROJECT OUTLINE ASSIGNMENT INSTRUCTIONSOVERVIEWYou will complete a full sentence Outline for the second part of the Research Project. INSTRUCTIONSThe Outline must include a thesis statement, the research questions/issues being addressed, how much space will be allotted for each section of the paper, and a preliminary reference list of at least 15 scholarly articles from peer-reviewed journals. All references must be less than 10 years old. When the assignment is returned, read all instructor feedback in order to implement it on future assignments.What to consider as you prepare the outline:1.   What is the topic?2.   Why is it significant?3.   What background material is relevant?4.   What is our thesis or purpose statement?5.   What organizational plan will best support our purpose?6.   How much space is estimated per section?*Also consider the elements noted on the Research Project Final Assignment Instructionswhen completing your Outline.Full Sentence Outline:The full sentence outline format is essentially the same as the alphanumeric outline. The main difference, as the title suggests, is that full sentences are required at each level of the outline. This outline is most often used when preparing a traditional essay.Thesis Statement:Questions/Issues Being Addressed:I.    Man-made pollution is the primary cause of global warming.A.    Greenhouse gas emissions are widely identified by the scientific community to be harmful (Smith, 2014).1.The burning of coal and fossil fuels are the primary releasers ofhazardous greenhouse gases.Full sentence outlines are often accompanied with an current APA reference list on a separate page. Quotes within the outline must also utilize current APA format with in-text citations.Note: Your assignment will be checked for originality via the Turnitin plagiarism tool. The tool is a starting point for instructors to check overall Academic Integrity and higher scores generally indicate a higher probability of Academic Misconduct. The higher a score, the higher the

 

Research Project Annotated Bibliography

 

 

 

 

 

Annotated Bibliography

Quadasia Dukes

School of Business, Liberty University

 

Supply and Demand of Nurses in the Workforce

Kiyonaga (2004) suggests “the aging of the largest generation the United States has ever known will affect every social institution from employment to health care. Precisely what the impact will be is, like all future events, still a matter of prediction. That there will be a major impact is not” (p. 357). This paper will seek to provide a perspective on the aging of the workforce with specific attention given to the potential roles available for the aging worker, the training available and offered the aging worker, an exploration of implications for the organization, and finally, the role the strategic H.R. function plays in propelling the organization forward in dealing with this issue. BUSI 511 Supply and Demand of Nurses in The Workforce Research Project Outline

Kondrasuk, J. N., Moore, H. L., & Wang, H. (2001). Negligent hiring: The emerging

contributor to workplace violence in the public sector. Public Personnel

Management, 30(2), 185. Retrieved from http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=74623315&Fmt=2&clientId=20655&RQT=309&VName=PQD

This article contributes significant and relevant statistics which confirm the pervasiveness of violent incidents in general. The National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) found that 20 persons were murdered at work every week. Nationally, homicide is the second-highest overall cause of workplace-related deaths; for female workers, homicide is the leading cause of workplace deaths. Workplace violence now accounts for 15 percent of the more than 6.5 million violent acts experienced by U. S. residents who are age 12 or older (para 7). Kondrasuk provides information also related to a suggested cause or contributor to the violence—negligent hiring practices. Numerous suggestions are given throughout the materials researched for the paper, giving additional thought to the causes of workplace violence. However, Kondrasuk gives weight to a passing platitude and supports the concept of negligent hiring with the law and concurrent tort law claims. BUSI 511 Supply and Demand of Nurses in The Workforce Research Project Outline

Smith, S. J. (2002). Workplace violence. Professional Safety, 47(11), 34. Retrieved from

http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=239545531&Fmt=2&clientId=20655&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Smith (2002) gives critical analysis to the topic of workplace violence and highlights how ill-prepared most U.S. companies are when faced with the reality of violence. In the research, she provides several real-world examples of workplace violence, the behavioral backgrounds, and pre-incident behaviors of the employees committing the violent acts. Smith (2002) further contends that “employers have both a legal duty and moral obligation to provide a safe workplace” (p. 39). In addition to this insight, the article contributes to workplace violence’s impact, causes, and prevention. The suggestions are pliable to almost any organization.

Nirel, N., Grinstien-Cohen, O., Eyal, Y., Samuel, H., & Ben-Shoham, A. (2015). Models for projecting supply and demand for nurses in Israel. Israel Journal of health policy research4, 46. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13584-015-0043-6

Nirel et al. (2018) outline models useful in projecting the demand and supply for nurses in Israel. The author’s information reveals a background in public health research, which makes the article credible and peer-reviewed. The article is relevant to the topic under review, which is about supply and demand in the workforce of nurses. The article presents findings of the existing gaps in terms of projecting demand and supply of nurses, especially with the growth in the aging population worldwide, which means there will be more demand for nursing services. “Projections indicate that the demand for the nursing workforce will increase due to the aging population and an increase of the percentage of elderly people requiring assistance.” That shows the supply and demand imbalance for nurses.

Griffiths, P., Recio-Saucedo, A., Dall’Ora, C., Briggs, J., Mariotti, A., Meredith, P., Smith, G. B., Ball, J., & Missed Care Study Group (2018). The association between nurse staffing and omissions in nursing care: A systematic review. Journal of advanced nursing74(7), 1474–1487. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.13564

In this article, Griffiths et al. (2018) explain the consequences of the issues of supply and demand of nurses. That author is a show of authority as they work under the faculty of health sciences at the University of Southhampton. According to the article, “Worldwide predictions of a shortage of nurses by 2025, driven by retiring workforce and an aging population, increases the need to develop a deep understanding of the impact of nurse staffing on patient safety”. The article is relevant to the topic of supply and demand in the workforce of nurses since it shows the various effects of higher demand and low supply of nurses, which leads to medical errors.

Martiniano, R.P. (2010). Understanding the Supply and Distribution of Registered Nurses, Where Are the Data, and What Can They Tell Us? Annual Review of Griffith Nursing Research  28(1); 43-61 DOI:10.1891/0739-6686.28.43

Martiniano (2010) contributes to the topic of supply and demand in the workforce of nurses through a study that seeks to comprehend the supply and distribution of registered nurses based on credible data. The author cites that “Registered nurse (RN) forecast studies can be valuable in quantifying supply and demand gaps and identifying the most appropriate strategies to avert future shortages.” The article’s relevance to the topic under review is based on the fact that the author highlights possible ways to address supply issues of nurses in the coming days.

Tamata, T.A., Mohammednezhad, M. Tamani, L. (2021). Registered nurses’ perceptions on the factors affecting nursing shortage in the Republic of Vanuatu Hospitals: A qualitative study.

https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0251890

The research topic under review is about supply and demand in the workforce of nurses; to contribute to the topic, Tamata et al. (2021) research what nurses perceive to be the factors affecting nursing shortage in a Vanuatu healthcare facility. “One of the main challenges that health system facing globally is the shortage of nursing workforce.” The author is credible since the article is peer-reviewed; its contribution to the topic of supply and demand of nurses is based on the fact that the article highlights some of the factors affecting the supply of nurses despite the rising demand for nursing services.

Mehdaova, E.A. (2017). Strategies to Overcome the Nursing Shortage, Walden Dissertation, and Doctoral Studies.

In response to the topic of supply and demand in the workforce of nurses, Mehdaova (2017) outlines strategies to overcome the issue of supply of nurses through intervening in the issue of nurse shortage. The author is credible, and the article holds postgraduate education from Walden University, and the research was presented as part of earning the academic qualifications. “Nursing shortage is a growing problem in the healthcare industry as hospital leaders are experiencing difficulties recruiting and retaining nurses.” The lack of strategies to better recruit and retain nurses has been attributed to the imbalance witnessed between the supply and demand of nurses. BUSI 511 Supply and Demand of Nurses in The Workforce Research Project Outline

Haddad LM, Annamaraju P, Toney-Butler TJ. (2020). Nursing Shortage. StatPearls, Treasure Island (F.L.): StatPearls Publishing; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK493175/

Based on the crucial role played by nurses in the provision of care, Haddad et al. (2020) highlight the issue of nursing shortage. The article is relevant to the topic of supply and demand in the workforce of nurses since it highlights the issue of nursing shortage which is the supply side of nursing. The article reiterates that “According to an article in the Nursing Times, The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics projects that 11 million additional nurses are needed to avoid a further shortage”. That indicates the demand for nursing services in the coming years, yet there is a limited supply. The authors involved in the research are affiliated with credible institutions of higher learning, which makes their research more reliable to include in the topic under review.

Carayon P, Gurses AP. (2021). Nursing Workload and Patient Safety—A Human Factors Engineering Perspective. In: Hughes RG, editor. Patient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses. Rockville (M.D.): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (U.S.); https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK2657/

The topic under review is about supply and demand in the workforce of nurses, and the article under review contributes to the topic through its research that highlights the topic of nursing workload and patient safety, which is a concern related to supply and demand of nurses with the shortage of nurses worsening the level of patient safety. The article reiterates the issue of imbalance in nursing workforce supply and demand, “Although not as strong, some evidence exists regarding the impact of nurse staffing levels on failure to rescue (death within 30 days among patients who had complications) and mortality”.  Thus, the nursing workforce’s low supply and high demand impact patient safety in various ways, as highlighted by Carayon & Gurse (2021). Also, the authors’ affiliation with the school of public health makes the article credible for inclusion in this research.

Rosenberg, K. (2019). R.N. Shortages Negatively Impact Patient Safety. American Journal of Nursing 119(3):51. DOI:10.1097/01.NAJ.0000554040.98991.23

Concerning the topic of supply and demand in the workforce of nurses, Rosenberg (2019), through the article, highlights some of the ways the problem of nursing shortage impacts the safety of patients.  The salient quote from the article likely to cite is the indication that “Lower levels of R.N. staffing increase the risk of death during a hospital stay.” The article is peer-reviewed, and the author is affiliated with a recognized institution makes the source credible for use in the research under review. The risks directed to patients in the cases of lower levels of registered nurses indicate how the lower supply of nurses accompanied by its high demand for services affects the safety of patients in a care setting.

Carnevale, A. P., Smith, N., & Gulish, A. (2015). Nursing: Supply and demand through 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10822/1050292

The article makes a detailed analysis of the emerging and growing needs for qualified nurses. According to Carnevale et al. (2015), the United States economy strived to create about 1.6 million job openings for qualified nurses through 2020. The article, therefore, articulates fundamental statistics regarding the demand and supply of nurses. Despite the measures taken by the government to raise the overall number of nurses, there will not be adequate nursing professionals to fill the established openings. The study conducted by Carnevale et al. (2015) projects that nursing professionals will face a shortfall of about 200,00 nursing experts by the year 2020. However, one of the interesting findings of this article is that recruitment has become less of a problem in recent years, given that the vast majority of youths are interested in entering the nursing profession.

Clarke, S. P. (2016). RN workforce update: Current and long-range forecast. Nursing Management47(11), 20-25. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.numa.0000502798.99305.10

Clarke (2016) examines the primary reasons why the predicted national Registered Nurse shortage never occurred. The article best elaborates significant insights regarding future staffing demands as the fundamental measure to address the shortage of nurses. Clarke (2016) asserts that, about two decades ago, there were projections that the national RN shortage would turn out to be a major crisis. Unfortunately, the predicted shortages did not emerge and are more or less unlikely to occur in the future. The question of demand and supply of the nursing workforce is grounded on the top measures that helped mitigate the projected shortage. Clarke (2016) explores the unfolding of the American RN workforce following the mass entrance into this profession. Other issues explored in this article include the accuracy of the current predictions regarding nurses’ demand and supply as well as what such projections imply to the nurse managers.

Haddad, L., Annamaraju, P., & Toney-Butler, T. (2020). Nursing Shortage. Statpearls Publishing. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK493175/

The article explores the fundamental roles of nurses and the implications of nursing shortage to the healthcare system. According to Haddad et al. (2020), nurses constitute a critical component of healthcare because they make the biggest section of the health profession. The American Nurses Association has reported that more RN jobs will be available by 2020 than any other profession. Haddad et al. (2020) assert that about 11 million additional RNs will be needed in the quest to address their shortage. Over the past few decades, the shortage of nursing professionals was heightened by a lack of adequate educators, a high turnover rate, and inequitable distribution of the nursing workforce. The article further explores the potential reasons for the nursing shortage that includes the aging workforce, nurse burnout, violence in the healthcare setting, just to mention a few.

Rosseter, R. (2014). Nursing shortage. American Association of Colleges of Nursing. Retrieved from https://ic4n.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/Nursing-Shortage-Factsheet-2017.pdf

Rosseter (2014) analyzes the projected shortage of nurses following the intensifying Baby Boomers age alongside immense growth of healthcare needs. In the quest to curb the projected shortage, nursing schools across the United States are struggling to expand the capacity in order to meet the rising demand for healthcare. Moreover, the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) has been at the forefront of collaborating and working with policymakers, schools, nursing-based organizations, and media to bring to the limelight this healthcare concern. Rosseter (2014) asserts that AACN is leveraging the available resources to identify strategies, shape legislation, and form effective collaborations necessary for addressing the shortage.

Zhang, X., Tai, D., Pforsich, H., & Lin, V. W. (2018). The United States registered nurse workforce report card and shortage forecast: a revisit. American Journal of Medical Quality33(3), 229-236. https://doi.org/10.1177/1062860617738328

The article is essentially a reevaluation of the RN supply and demand from 2016 to 2030. According to Zhang et al. (2018), the study borrows information from the formerly published work forecast models as well as grading methodology with updated workforce information. Zhang et al. (2018) assert that, by 2020, the nursing shortage was about 154,018. The population is expected to blow up to 510,394 RNs by the year 2030. One of the findings made in this article is that the South West Regions of the United States will have a relatively higher shortage ratio as compared with Midwest and Northeast regions. As such, it reflects about fifty percent improvement when compared to findings made by previous authors, given that states that were previously ranked as low-performing have shown great improvement.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Carnevale, A. P., Smith, N., & Gulish, A. (2015). Nursing: Supply and demand through 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10822/1050292

Carayon P, Gurses AP. (2021). Nursing Workload and Patient Safety—A Human Factors Engineering Perspective. In: Hughes RG, editor. Patient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses. Rockville (M.D.): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (U.S.); https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK2657/

contributor to workplace violence in the public sector. Public Personnel

Clarke, S. P. (2016). RN workforce update: Current and long-range forecast. Nursing Management47(11), 20-25. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.numa.0000502798.99305.10

Griffiths, P., Recio-Saucedo, A., Dall’Ora, C., Briggs, J., Mariotti, A., Meredith, P., Smith, G. B., Ball, J., & Missed Care Study Group (2018). The association between nurse staffing and omissions in nursing care: A systematic review. Journal of advanced nursing74(7), 1474–1487. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.13564

Haddad LM, Annamaraju P, Toney-Butler TJ. (2020). Nursing Shortage. StatPearls, Treasure Island (F.L.): StatPearls Publishing; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK493175/

Kondrasuk, J. N., Moore, H. L., & Wang, H. (2001). Negligent hiring: The emerging

Management, 30(2), 185. Retrieved from http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=74623315&Fmt=2&clientId=20655&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Martiniano, R.P. (2010). Understanding the Supply and Distribution of Registered Nurses, Where Are the Data, and What Can They Tell Us? Annual Review of Griffith Nursing Research  28(1); 43-61 DOI:10.1891/0739-6686.28.43

Mehdaova, E.A. (2017). Strategies to Overcome the Nursing Shortage, Walden Dissertation, and Doctoral Studies.

Nirel, N., Grinstien-Cohen, O., Eyal, Y., Samuel, H., & Ben-Shoham, A. (2015). Models for projecting supply and demand for nurses in Israel. Israel Journal of health policy research4, 46. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13584-015-0043-6

Rosenberg, K. (2019). R.N. Shortages Negatively Impact Patient Safety. American Journal of Nursing 119(3):51. DOI:10.1097/01.NAJ.0000554040.98991.23

Rosseter, R. (2014). Nursing shortage. American Association of Colleges of Nursing. Retrieved from https://ic4n.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/Nursing-Shortage-Factsheet-2017.pdf

Smith, S. J. (2002). Workplace violence. Professional Safety, 47(11), 34. Retrieved from http://proquest.umi.com/pqdlink?did=239545531&Fmt=2&clientId=20655&RQT=309&VName=PQD

Tamata, T.A., Mohammednezhad, M. Tamani, L. (2021). Registered nurses’ perceptions on the factors affecting nursing shortage in the Republic of Vanuatu Hospitals: A qualitative study.

https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0251890

Zhang, X., Tai, D., Pforsich, H., & Lin, V. W. (2018). The United States registered nurse workforce report card and shortage forecast: a revisit. American Journal of Medical Quality33(3), 229-236. https://doi.org/10.1177/1062860617738328

 

 

 

 

 

 

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