Nursing Cigarette Smoking Discussion

Nursing Cigarette Smoking Discussion

Nursing Cigarette Smoking Discussion


I need a paragraph answer to the post below:

Smoking is a leading cause of death around the World and there are rising rates of smoking associated cancer and disease. The purpose of this post will be to discuss the culture of Poland as it relates to smoking, while reviewing nursing biases when it comes to patient care. Poland saw an increase of smoking after communism came to an end in the country where much of the Polish population was uneducated on the dramatic negative effects smoking can have on a person’s health (Curbing tobacco use in poland, nd). Nursing Cigarette Smoking Discussion

Social and political factors played a large part in Poland’s cigarette consumption such as the privatization of the tobacco industry when communism was a thing of the past and democracy took a front seat in the country. The Polish, mainly uninformed of the dangers of smoking tobacco, saw millions of dollars put towards tobacco advertising.

Cuevas et al. (2017) found that there were disparities and biased against Latino and African-American patients in healthcare. Latino patients in this study explained that they felt their treatment would be better if language barriers were a consideration with language interpretation provided during assessments and interventions at bedside (Cuevas et al., 2017). Within my own practice, I have to be culturally sensitive to our large Latino population here in San Antonio, and that often looks like using a translation phone or finding a coworker who is fluent in Spanish for clear communication and patient comfort. I think some populations are more difficult to communicate with due to language barriers and cultural beliefs, however that must be put aside for quality patient care. Having cultural relevance is necessary to combat bias in nursing.


APA Format and Style


Academic writing, which is independent thought supported by reliable and relevant research, depends on the ability to integrate and cite the sources that have been consulted. Use APA style for all references, in-text citations, formatting, etc.

Write in first- and second-person sparingly, if ever. This means, avoid using I, we, and you; instead, use he, she, and they. Do not use contractions.

Paper Format

  • Use standard-sized paper of 5″ x 11″.
  • Margins should be 1″ all around (top, bottom, left, right).
  • Use Times New Roman 12-point
  • For emphasis, use italics (not quotation marks, bold, ).
  • Double-space.
  • Align the text flush left.


The basic organization of an APA-style paper includes the title page, abstract, body, and reference section, though students are encouraged to follow any specific directions given in their Overview assignment.

Title Page

The title page includes four elements that should be centered in the middle of the page: title, author byline, institutional affiliation followed by the course prefix and number (e.g., Grand Canyon University: PSY 351), and date of submission. Please note that even though APA does not require the date on a title page, it is a requirement for GCU papers.

Being the first page, the title page is where to set up your page header, which includes the running head and the page number. The running head—an abbreviated title that is a maximum of 50 characters—should appear flush left in all uppercase letters in the header on all pages. Page numbers should be in the header, flush right.

To format your running head and page numbers in Microsoft Word, click ViewàHeader and Footer. In the header box that shows up, type Running head: ABBREVIATED TITLE HERE. On the Header/Footer dialog box that pops up, click Insert Page Number (last button on the left). Put the cursor between the running head and the page number, and click the tab button a few times until the running head is flush left and the page number is flush right.


The abstract covers the main points of the paper and is not always required in a GCU writing assignment. Read the assignment instructions carefully to determine whether the assignment requires an abstract or not.

  • Abstract is page 2 of the
  • The word Abstract should be centered at the top of the
  • As per GCU policy, the abstract should not exceed 120
  • Do not indent the abstract


The body will contain all of the author’s main points as well as detailed and documented support for those ideas.

  • The body begins on its own
  • The title of the paper should be centered at the top of the first page of the body, in initial
  • The introduction follows the title, but is not labeled.
  • Use headings to separate sections of the paper, but none of the sections should start their own. The first level of heading is centered and bolded with each word of four letters or more capitalized (see template for an example). The second level of heading (subheading) is flush left and bolded, with each word of four letters or more capitalized. Note that not all papers will have headings or subheadings in them. APA dictates that you should avoid having only one subsection heading and subsection within a section. In other words, use at least two subheadings under a main heading, or do not use any at all.


The references page will contain a list of all sources actually cited in the paper.

  • This should start its own
  • The word References, though not in italics, is centered at the top of the
  • Include all, any, and only sources that were actually cited in the
  • Arrange the sources in alphabetical order using the authors’ last
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